The Incredible Benefits & Major Challenges of Urban GardensTypes of gardens
If you live in the city, you might feel like gardening is out of reach. Don’t be discouraged! Urban gardening is on the rise and has many benefits for individuals and the community.
Urban agriculture is a great way to bring nature to areas that often feel barren and lifeless, such as rooftops, empty lots, or even apartment balconies. But before you start your own urban garden, there are a some benefits and challenges you should consider.
Here are just a few of the benefits of urban gardening:
- Building community – Gardening can bring volunteers together to beautify the neighborhood. Community gardens are not exclusively urban, but they can thrive in the city. These gardens might include a therapeutic garden for the elderly and those who need some gentle exercise and outdoor time. An urban garden can be set up in a schoolyard or a local park and worked by neighborhood volunteers. People love to stop and smell the roses, even if they don’t take part in the work of gardening. Gardens create opportunities for cross-generational bonds and allow neighbors to get to know one another.
- Improving property – Gardens are an excellent way to clean up the neighborhood. A beautiful garden lot is beautiful, whether it’s a community garden or created on your lawn. It “provides a refuge from urban decay” that is too often prevalent in the city. The increased neighborly activity can help bring down crime rates and improve property values, too.
- Providing access to food – Urban areas are notorious “food deserts” – pockets of town where it’s hard to find quality groceries, often in the poorer parts of town. People in food deserts can rely on fast food or convenience stores for their daily shopping. Adding an urban garden to your neighborhood or even to your own front stoop can provide fresh, wholesome fruits and vegetables.
- Health benefits – Living in the city may mean more access to restaurants, education, businesses, and other people, but it also comes with a disconnection from nature. Plants do wonders to help to offset some of the air and water pollution and heat buildup in the city. Doing the work of gardening can reduce stress and increase physical activity, too.
Of course, urban gardening comes with plenty of challenges, too.
Challenges of urban gardening
- Space – Finding a place to garden might be hard if you’re in an urban setting and you don’t have a friendly community garden already started. If you’re ambitious, you could start your own! Or, you might decide to have a container garden on a rooftop or patio or even an indoor garden to meet your gardening needs. Another option is to look for plot gardens that may be available to rent in your area. These will have allocated land or raised bed plots that are leased out to urban gardeners.
- Pollution – You may have to make some important decisions if your soil is contaminated with heavy metals like lead or arsenic. It’s important to get your soil tested before growing anything edible, especially if you live in an urban setting. You may decide to grow in containers or raised beds, or you may go forward with working the soil with precautions in place. Much of the danger from contaminated soil comes from breathing or accidentally ingesting the soil by putting your fingers in your mouth. If you do find out your soil is contaminated, there are precautions you can take, like wearing a bandana and gloves. The good news is, certain plants can help to remediate toxic soil, particularly sunflowers!
- Heat – All of that concrete and asphalt can get pretty hot! Plants may help bring the average temperature of the city down, but it takes a lot of them to do that. Urban plants may get scalded leaves or wilt in the summer heat. Your urban garden may need extra water and even shade to keep the plants healthy and thriving.
Don’t give up on gardening if you live in the city! Bringing a bit of green to a metropolitan landscape can completely change the neighborhood or just your front stoop. Urban gardening can be uniquely rewarding and bring a bit of much-needed fresh air into your life.
Written by Teresa Chandler